Nelson Mandela Biography; First Black President and Lawyer and Activist

Nelson Mandela was a man of the people, who fought so well for the privileges of his race, even at the detriments of his life. He was born on July 18, 1918, and made history record of becoming the first black president, giving  blacks more edge.

He was popularly known as Nelson Mandela but his full name was Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela and was from a royal family of Thembu. His father, Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa, served as a local chief, and Mandela was given the forename “Rolihlahla,” which means pulling the branch of a tree or colloquially, troublemaker.

Nelson Mandela, born in 1918 and passing away in 2013, was a prominent South African figure who played a pivotal role in the anti-apartheid movement and emerged as the nation’s inaugural black president in 1994. Nelson Mandela, being from the town of Mvezo, pursued a legal education and subsequently became a member of the African National Congress (ANC) in 1943.

His opposition to racial segregation and apartheid resulted in his 27-year imprisonment. Nelson Mandela, who was released in 1990, played a pivotal role in the deconstruction of apartheid and the promotion of peace among racial groups.

He received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993, along with F.W. de Klerk. Mandela’s presidency prioritized the pursuit of reconciliation, the establishment of a unified nation, and the resolution of social disparities. Referred to affectionately as “Madiba,” he continues to serve as a global emblem of fortitude, absolution, and the pursuit of fundamental human rights. Mandela became deceased in 2013, leaving behind an enduring heritage of tranquility and fairness.


The commencement of Mandela’s formal education took place at the University College of Fort Hare, which was the sole Western-style institution of higher education catering to the South African black community during that era. Subsequently, he relocated to the University of Witwatersrand, opting to pursue a legal education.

Legal professional and advocate

Mandela obtained legal qualifications and established a law firm in Johannesburg. He engaged in anti-apartheid activities and became a member of the African National Congress (ANC), an organization dedicated to eradicating racial prejudice and segregation.

The Defiance Campaign and the African National Congress (ANC)

In 1944, Mandela became a member of the ANC and rapidly ascended the social hierarchy. He was instrumental in the 1952 Defiance Campaign against laws that promoted prejudice. With the escalation of apartheid measures, Mandela and other members of the ANC embraced more combative tactics.

Apprehending and Confinement

Mandela was apprehended and found guilty of sabotage and further offenses in 1962. He received a life sentence and served 27 years in different correctional facilities, including the infamous Robben Island.

Liberation and Conclusion of Apartheid

Mandela was liberated from incarceration on February 11, 1990, coinciding with the gradual disintegration of apartheid. His involvement in the negotiations aimed at dismantling apartheid was of utmost importance, ultimately resulting in the nation’s inaugural democratic elections in 1994.


In the year 1994, Nelson Mandela assumed the position of South Africa’s inaugural black president, signifying the culmination of a prolonged period of entrenched racial segregation. The primary objective of his administration was to foster peace among the many racial groups inside the nation and to tackle the prevailing socio-economic inequalities.

Reconciliation and Legacy

Mandela garnered tremendous acclaim due to his prioritization of forgiveness and reconciliation. In 1999, he relinquished his position as president after completing one term, however he remained engaged in several humanitarian endeavors until his retirement.

International symbol

Mandela emerged as a worldwide emblem of defiance against subjugation, harmony, and conciliation. He was honored with multiple accolades, one of which being the Nobel Peace Prize in 1993.

Later Life and Mortality

The demise of Nelson Mandela occurred on December 5, 2013, when he reached the age of 95. Notwithstanding his demise, Mandela’s enduring impact serves as a source of inspiration for individuals across the globe in their continued pursuit of justice, equality, and human rights.

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